Thomas Paine “Common Sense”
Thomas Paine was born in England in 1737. He arrived to Philadelphia in 1774 and was a pamphleteer. He supported the American Revolution and wrote a pamphlet called, “Common Sense”. It was published in 1776. “Common Sense” was meant to challenge the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy. In “Common Sense”, Paine argued for independence from Britain and to this day, this pamphlet is considered the most influential pamphlet in American History. “Common Sense” also played a significant role in the American Revolution because it influenced people to revolt against the British. Paine’s pamphlet sold about 500,000 copies and supported the independence from Britain. Thomas Paine died at the age of 72 in New York City on June 8th, 1809.
The Associated Press
The Associated Press was created in 1846. It is a newspaper in New York City and was created when five newspapers got together to gather information on the Mexican War and take the news up north faster than the U.S Post Office could deliver it. It is neither privately owned nor government-founded. It is owned by its American newspaper and Broadcast members. The Associated Press has covered all major news events for 165 years already and since the Pulitzer Prize was established, they have won 51 Pulitzers and 31 photo Pulitzers. Throughout the years, The Associated Press has won many awards and has been quick to provide its readers with the latest information.
The Inverted Pyramid
The Inverted Pyramid is one of the most used structures in journalism. In an Inverted Pyramid, the most important things go at the top and the general information is at the bottom. In the lead paragraph, which is the top of the pyramid, the writer usually writes the 5 w’s. Afterward, the writer gives the general information and smaller details. This way of writing has originated from the telegraph. Back then, it was important to give the most important information first rather than the smaller details. This was so in case of an emergency, the receiver could get the most needed information first.
Objectivity in Journalism
Objectivity means to be realistic and factual towards something without imputing thoughts or feelings. Objectivity in journalism just means writing the facts of a story without imputing any personal opinions or feelings. By being objective in journalism, you are being neutral towards the subject. It is very challenging to write a story without imputing any personal opinions due to the fact that every journalist, at one point or another, will want to add their own perspective towards the subject. Sometimes they will do it without even noticing. Objective journalism is used in American media today. It is used to talk about politics without choosing one side over the other. This is important because in a democratic republic, you have to be able to give the facts or else some people will get mad. There will be some people who are democratic and people that will be republic. So, to please both sides and not have one mad, you use objective journalism.